Geneva, Switzerland,

Toyota at Geneva Motor Show

New models bring added driving pleasure and innovation

  • Newly improved version of Prius
  • Bold concept for mini SUV
  • Latest mobility concepts
  • All new RAV4 and Yaris ranges

The Toyota stand at this year’s Geneva Motor Show demonstrates a wide range of new models that will bring increased driving pleasure and innovation to European customers. The display shows Toyota is at the forefront of tackling the transport challenges of the future while reducing environmental impact and meeting customer needs.

Key new models for Toyota in Europe in 2006 include the all-new Toyota RAV4 and the second generation Toyota Yaris.

Newly improved Prius

The world’s best selling hybrid car gets a makeover for the 2006 model year with a fresh exterior look, improved driving dynamics and premium quality interior trim. The latest Prius is also a showcase for advanced technologies such as Intelligent Park Assist.

Bold concept for mini SUV

The Urban Cruiser is a bold new concept that showcases a possible approach by Toyota to the mini SUV segment. The Urban Cruiser draws heavily on Toyota’s heritage in Sports Utility Vehicles but also adds its own dynamic flair and rugged originality. The Urban Cruiser features a fresh interior style based on modern furniture design.

Advanced concepts

Glimpses of the future which reveal how Toyota can minimise environmental impact while providing transport solutions:• Fine-T: The next step in fuel-cell hybrid vehicles offers the cabin space of an Avensis within the approximate exterior dimensions of a Yaris• i-swing: A new evolution in personal mobility, building on p.o.d and i-unit. i-swing offers a more direct form of human-machine interaction by adopting the latest technologies in robotics.

New model ranges

Fresh from their world debut, the all-new Toyota RAV4 and Yaris model ranges will be on show. Also displayed are the latest versions of AYGO by Toyota with the 1.0-litre petrol and the new 1.4-litre diesel engines.

Advanced diesel engines

The Toyota D-4D 180 is among the most advanced diesel engines in the world; delivering sparkling performance and outstanding fuel economy. The D-4D 180 is not only powerful, but clean - thanks to Toyota’s advanced and unique Toyota D-CAT emissions control technology.

The Toyota D-4D 180 is demonstrated at the Geneva Motor Show in the Toyota RAV4, Toyota Avensis Station Wagon and the Corolla Verso.

Other displays

Visitors to the Toyota stand can also share the excitement of the Toyota F1 programme and enjoy a special display area with the following exhibits:

  • demonstration of the Prius Intelligent Park Assist
  • cut-away of the latest innovative Prius hybrid car
  • the new RAV4’s Active Torque Control 4WD system
  • cut-away of the new Toyota Yaris
  • D-4D 180 diesel engine, equipped with Toyota D-CAT

  New Toyota Prius

Newly improved version of world’s best selling hybrid

  • Fresh exterior look
  • More refined interior surfaces with leather availability
  • Improved driving dynamics, featuring chassis reinforcements and more precise steering
  • Showcase of hi-tech equipment: Intelligent Park Assist, new audio and navigation systems
  • Arriving at Toyota showrooms at the end of January
  • 2006 European sales forecast of 25,000 units
  • Approximately 450,000 units of Prius have been sold worldwide up to date

The Toyota Prius is now clearly established as the world’s best selling hybrid car and it has been a sales success since its launch in Japan in 1997. Approximately 450,000 cars have been sold worldwide since that date and production capacity has recently been expanded further to cope with worldwide demand. Moreover, in order to satisfy demand in China, the production of Prius in this country has started at the end of last year, in Changchun City.

The newly improved Toyota Prius will be instantly recognisable by the fresh exterior design which creates a more refined appearance.

The front grille has been redesigned, featuring now a chrome insert, and a new front spoiler both improves the aerodynamics at high speed and helps create a more distinctive look.

The headlamps have been subtly restyled to create a more flowing look. Smoked clear coating has been applied to the headlamp extension while an inner lens has been added below the turn indicator lamp.

At the rear, chrome-plate mouldings have been utilised in the lamp structure and a white background to the stop lamp replaces the current black to add to the appeal.

This latest Prius will be available with a choice of eight exterior body colours with four new tones added (Ultra Silver, Barcelona Red, Opal Green and Ash Grey).

Qualitative improvements inside

  • New surfaces and textures add to perceived quality
  • Leather trim now available
  • Improved rear passenger comfort

Throughout the interior of the newly improved Toyota Prius there have been significant enhancements to trim and finish to create a more refined environment.

The main surfaces of the instrument panel reveal a new, softer texture and a darker colour. This finish is extended to the upper door trims, front and rear. The seats’ fabric colour is new and its stitching patterns have been simplified.

For the ultimate comfort, genuine leather seats and a leather trimmed steering wheel become available. As an integrated part of the package, the centre console box is also leather (synthetic) trimmed.

Rear seat passengers will find additional comfort in the improved Prius. The seat width and main portion of the seat back have been increased in width by 50 mm and a redesigned rear seat cushion has lowered the hip-point by 6 mm.

These design changes will increase hip space for rear seat passengers while also increasing headroom.

Sharper driving dynamics

  • Chassis stiffness increased for better handling
  • Shock absorbers retuned for more comfort
  • Steering modified for more response and feel

In comparison with the model introduced in 2004, the newly improved Prius benefits from modifications focused on specific areas like chassis stiffness, to improve stability, suspension tuning to improve ride comfort and steering control to enhance response and feel. There have also been some aerodynamic changes to increase high-speed stability.

Chassis stiffness has been increased by the addition of reinforcement plates, notably around the rear cross member mounting, and by modifying parts such as the rear side and cross members.

In the rear suspension, the toe-correction bushings have been retuned for better compliance and the shock absorbers changed to give better ride comfort.

The electric power steering ECU settings have been modified in order to provide better steering feel and a number of changes made to stiffen the steering mounts to create more precise reaction. These changes include fitting stiffer alloy wheels which will react more precisely to directional changes.

The underbody aerodynamics have been improved by the fitment of a different engine undercover, the new front lip spoiler and new rear tyre spats to aid airflow around the rear wheels and tyres.

Advanced technology showcase

  • Unique Intelligent Park Assist
  • Sophisticated DVD-based satellite navigation
  • Premium quality audio with Live Acoustic System

As one of the most sophisticated passenger cars available today, the Toyota Prius is also a showcase for advanced technologies. This newly improved version offers new state-of-the-art features, which not only demonstrate this principle but also enhance the driving experience.

The highlight is the Intelligent Park Assist (IPA) system, another world-first available in Prius – is unique and simple to operate, allowing the driver to select the target parking spot and then control the speed, while the car steers itself.

The system is designed to assist the driver in both parallel and ‘rear-on’ parking situations and is activated by the IPA button on the dashboard. The driver then selects the target parking spot on the touch-sensitive viewing screen and the IPA sets the vehicle in motion, selecting the correct steering angle for each step of the process. The driver retains control of the speed of the vehicle through the brake pedal, deciding when to stop.

IPA is a simple system which takes signals from the electric power steering, yaw rate, acceleration and wheel angle sensors, the skid control ECU and the hybrid system’s ECU.

If the driver prefers not to use IPA, there is also the more conventional Toyota Park Assist system which relies on a new, more compact rear camera to show images in the viewing screen. Superimposed on these images are colour-coded guidelines which show the predicted path of the Prius as it is reversed into the available space.

Also available with the newly improved Prius is the most sophisticated DVD-based satellite navigation system in the segment.

The navigation system is voice activated in three languages (English, French and German) for functions including phone control, audio, navigation and air conditioning. Route guidance is provided in 10 languages including, for the first time, Norwegian and Portuguese.

Improved map graphics now feature three-dimensional icons for points of interest and major landmarks.

For the first time in Prius, this system features RDS-TMC (Radio Data System – Traffic Message Channel) for countries with the appropriate infrastructure. This is a dynamic, real time route guidance feature that monitors traffic congestion on route and suggests alternatives if bad traffic conditions build up.

Furthermore, the new navigation system features a completely new ECU, delivering 65% faster calculation speed.

The newly improved Prius is fitted with a totally new audio head unit with a digital filter on the radio tuner to improve reception and the capability to play CDs with MP3 and WMA files.

Its DSP amplifier features Live Acoustic System, which utilises digital acoustic effects to improve sound quality. These include TruBass (which extends bass sounds in the frequency range between 100 Hz and 200 Hz to produce an effect similar to a sub-woofer) and Focus (which emphasises sound around the 8 kHz frequency and makes passengers think the sound is coming from the front of the car, rather than speakers in the doors).

There is an auxiliary socket in the centre console for connecting portable devices, such as an iPod or other MP3 player, to the audio system.

The audio unit also features Automatic Sound Leveliser, which adjusts volume and equaliser settings, to compensate for an increase in cabin noise due to speed.


Toyota Urban Cruiser

A new challenger for the urban jungle

  • A new generation of mini SUV to respond to customers who search for individualism
  • A concept by ED2, Toyota’s European design studio
  • Elvio D’Aprile, is the chief designer of Urban Cruiser
  • Designed within “Vibrant Clarity” design philosophy
  • Interior design, from Yi Yeong Jae, brings inspiration from fashion and modern furniture

Toyota is using the Geneva Motor Show to showcase its concept for a compact, rugged mini SUV that could bring a fresh approach to the segment.

The Urban Cruiser draws heavily on Toyota’s heritage in Sports Utility Vehicles through the legendary Land Cruiser range, the best-selling RAV4 and the tough Hilux. It has styling cues typical of Toyota SUVs but also adds its own dynamic flair to bring a more rugged originality to the mini SUV segment.

The Urban Cruiser is a product of ED2, Toyota’s European styling studio in the south of France and is the work of chief designer Elvio d’Aprile. He worked with Porsche and Pininfarina before joining Toyota in Japan in 1994 and then moved to ED2 when it opened in 2000. Elvio was also the chief designer of the Corolla Verso, a vehicle frequently praised by its dynamic and robust design.

“Typical customers in the mini SUV segment are urban individualists”, says Elvio d’Aprile. “They are seeking a rugged look within a compact body and want to stand out, and above, the crowd. The Urban Cruiser concept is the car that will allow them to freely express their personality.”

“The Urban Cruiser breaks with conventionality by bringing something different to the mini SUV segment. It is more dynamic, but also rugged and brings the special Toyota SUV flair.”

The Urban Cruiser is the latest Toyota to be created under the Vibrant Clarity design philosophy which now underpins all the latest Toyota creations. By working to the Vibrant Clarity discipline, Toyota aims to bring the two elements of successful design, form and function, together under one package.

Therefore, Vibrant Clarity combines two elements: Vibrant form, which stands for dynamism and energy, plus Clarity of function which calls for more rational values such as simplicity and logic.

Fresh, robust exterior

  • Evoking the Toyota SUV heritage
  • Trapezoidal design elements create ruggedness
  • Latest display of Toyota’s “Vibrant Clarity”

The Urban Cruiser concept clearly demonstrates design similarities with other models in the Toyota range and draws on the company’s long established heritage in SUVs. It shows the quality inherent in all Toyota design while adding the fresh and robust look that this segment demands.

The Toyota SUV heritage is most evident in the extensive use of a trapezoidal design element that is now in the front bumper, the grille and lower door panels. This creates a dynamic feeling but also suggests protection.

Furthermore, the trapezoidal form can also be found on the side window, evoking a Toyota design cue reminiscent of several other models, like AYGO, Corolla Hatchback, Corolla Verso, the new RAV4 and others.

The massive wheel arches are also intended to emphasise the SUV character. They converge towards the car’s geometric centre in order to provide a compact and agile shape while disguising the relatively long wheelbase – itself designed to create maximum interior space.

You can see all the elements of the Vibrant Clarity design philosophy in Urban Cruiser. These are defined within the four principles of P.A.S.S. (Proportion, Architecture, Surface, Special touch).

• Proportion: the long cabin – offering excellent interior space – combines with short, powerful overhangs to create an effect of perfect imbalance. This results in a massive, but dynamic body proportion.• Architecture: when viewed from above, there is a pronounced V-shape to the front – created by the dominant front and rear wheel arches which stand out from the bodyshell.• Surface: the extensive use of trapezoidal design is distinctive in the front bumper shape and the freeform surface of the lower door panels.• Special touch: The crispness of the overall exterior design is completed by sharply sliced surfaces that can be found in the front and rear bumpers.

In addition to these distinguishing elements, the Urban Cruiser makes a significant break from the conventional with the use of satin finish exterior body paint rather than the common gloss.

Fashion-led interior

  • Created by Yi Yeong Jae
  • Inspiration from modern furniture

Just as the exterior design of Urban Cruiser breaks from the conventional, the interior adopts a new approach too. Here the designer wanted to move away from the traditional car interior design and focus on examples outside the car industry, such as modern furniture.

It is the work of Yi Yeong Jae, the Korean designer who also created the Toyota Motor Triathlon Race Car, shown one year ago, at this same motor show.

“I was inspired by the designs of modern, fashionable furniture,” says Yi Yeong Jae. “The interior design consists of several different surfaces which are treated as different, independent layers. This is the case with the seats, the door panels and the dashboard.”

There is a feeling of spaciousness inside Urban Cruiser which is in keeping with its roomy but compact concept. The seats adopt a thin, elegant design that is both space saving and comfortable. The materials are modern with a premium quality and show some of the characteristics of nylon.

Special features of the interior design include the door handles – created to facilitate use – and the navigation screen which is viewed through a transparent curved panel integrated into the centre console.

  Toyota Fine-T

The next step in FCHVs

  • Born from Toyota’s desire to minimise environmental impact, while maximising passenger expectations
  • Exterior design combines aesthetics with advanced technology
  • Highly-efficient package: the interior space of an Avensis with the approximate exterior size of a Yaris
  • Interior combines high technology with a welcoming environment
  • Effortless ingress and egress thanks to movable seat and gull-wing doors
  • Adopting Toyota’s latest FC stack and new 70 MPa hydrogen storage tank
  • Four-wheel large-angle steering and drive system through in-wheel electric motor assembly
  • Low center of gravity and moment of inertia through innovative powertrain components layout
  • 360-degree camera coverage provides a new level of active safety
  • Adoption of “carbon-free” materials offsets CO2 increase

Toyota’s vision of automobile manufacturing aims to minimise environmental impact while maximising what people expect from a vehicle, together with high levels of safety. The Fine-T was developed based on this vision. In addition to an advanced fuel cell system that assures excellent environmental performance, the Fine-T offers unprecedented maneuverability by utilizing a four-wheel independent, large-angle steering system with an in-wheel electric motor in each wheel, while creating an environment that extends hospitality to all aboard. Toyota’s FCHVs have now attained another stage in their ongoing evolution.

Exterior design

  • Inspired on “Vibrant Clarity”
  • Combination of aesthetics with advanced technology
  • Highly-efficient package

Based on the design philosophy of “Vibrant Clarity”, designers created an exterior around a theme of beauty combined with advanced technology that cares for people. This is expressed in a compact, new “one-form silhouette” design that changes its appearance depending on the viewing angle. To achieve this revolutionary, highly efficient package, the compact fuel-cell unit has been installed under the floor and there is in-wheel motor drive for all four wheels. This gives the Fine-T the cabin space of an Avensis within the approximate exterior dimensions of a Yaris. The vehicle is designed for the next-generation active family user who appreciates high-tech as part of a smart lifestyle.

Interior design

  • Passenger-friendly high-tech
  • Variable lighting intensity
  • Effortless ingress and egress

The interior seeks to create a sense of spaciousness and envelopment at the same time, based on the key idea of making high-tech warm and friendly to people. This is reflected in the driver’s seat area, too, which features a low instrument panel incorporating a large multi-information display, assuring a good, broad view. To further enhance the calm and relaxed atmosphere of the interior, we employed variable lighting intensity to produce a calming effect over the instrument panel and door trim. The Fine-T demonstrates the awesome space-efficiency and hospitality that are possible in an FCHV.

The Fine-T extends warm hospitality to users by alleviating the effort of getting in and out. As the gull-wing doors open, the driver’s seat rotates outward to assist in boarding.

Once the user is seated, the seat glides back automatically to the driving position. When ready to leave the vehicle, pressing a button sets the seat to the exiting position, and the user can simply stand up to get out. The drive-by-wire steering system stows away automatically when preparing to exit the vehicle.

Advanced fuel cell hybrid system

  • Toyota-built 70 MPa hydrogen storage tank
  • Newly-improved Toyota FC Stack

Toyota’s state-of-the-art fuel cell hybrid system demonstrates how close we can come to having zero effect on the environment. Hydrogen supplied from Toyota-built, 70 MPa (approx. 700 atmospheres) storage tanks reacts chemically with oxygen (from the air) to produce electricity in the company’s proprietary fuel cell stack (the Toyota FC Stack), which, like the vehicle’s storage battery (when needed), drives the electric motors that power the vehicle. A power control unit efficiently manages the power sources (the fuel cell stack and storage battery).

To fit its compact dimensions, the Fine-T employs a downsized, higher-performance new Toyota FC Stack configuration. This fuel cell stack adopts a new alloy catalyst, which allows a dramatic reduction in the amount of precious metals used. These units are mounted beneath the vehicle floor, thereby creating more cabin space, while yielding a radically low center-of-gravity and low inertia moment, which contribute to an exhilarating driving experience and help enable large steering angles.

Unparalled manoeuvrability

  • Four-wheel large-angle steering system
  • Independent four-wheel drive
  • Low center of gravity and moment of inertia

The Fine-T enhances the fun of mobility while offering a major advance in handling convenience when driving on narrow roads and during parking. Supporting this maneuverability are an independent four-wheel large-angle steering system and independent four-wheel drive using in-wheel motors with integrated drive power and wheel turning-angle control.

These drive systems contribute to a distinctively low center of gravity and low moment of inertia, yielding an extremely stable feel, achieving an excellent balance of driving pleasure and stability. The result is exhilarating driving performance that exceeds expectations for a passenger car.

In addition, a drive-by-wire system connects the driver’s controls to actuators that operate vehicle functions, providing an unprecedented degree of freedom in vehicle navigation. In front-axle/rear-axle turning mode, the vehicle can be turned around from the front or rear. This maneuvering capability is particularly handy for parallel parking, both when entering and exiting inline parking spots. In directional change mode, continuously variable steering of the front and rear wheels allows a change of direction of almost the entire length of the vehicle in four directions. This enables U-turns on dead-end streets and when coming out of inline parking spots. On-the-spot turning mode, as the name suggests, allows 360-degree turning on the vertical axis.

Preventing accidents

  • 360-degree camera coverage
  • Object recognition screen

The Fine-T employs peripheral monitoring video cameras and a large display to support freedom of vehicle movement and reinforce active safety functions. A front-view camera is installed above the license plate and a rear-view camera below the Toyota badge at the back of the vehicle. Side cameras are located at the door handle position on the left and right doors. Combined, these video cameras monitor the entire periphery of the vehicle for obstacles. A large display on the instrument panel shows views of both sides of the vehicle. The central area of the display contains an obstacle recognition screen.

The display helps extend visibility to areas around the vehicle the driver cannot normally see.

Adopting “carbon-neutral” materials

  • Offsetting CO2 increase

With the aim of controlling the increase of atmospheric CO2 (the cause of global warming), the Fine-T’s interior employs a substantial volume of plant-sourced materials.

Plants are considered “carbon-neutral” because they absorb CO2 in photosynthesis, so even if they are burned, the net amount of CO2 stays the same over the entire life cycle.

With the Fine-T, Toyota pursued the possibilities of using carbon-neutral materials over a wide range of interior fittings, processing polylactic acid (PLA*), obtained from sugar cane, as well as Kenaf and other plant fiber into a variety of textures for door trim, suede-like ceiling material, seat nets and floor mats.

*PLA: polylactic acid, a polymer (plastic) made from plant starches or sugars

  Toyota i-swing

An evolution in personal mobility

  • The fourth iteration of personal mobility concepts by Toyota, after p.o.d, PM and i-unit
  • A more direct form of human-vehicle interaction, adopting the latest technologies in robotics
  • Exterior design portrays a minimalist shape inspired on a living form
  • Offering customization options through a detachable exterior surface and a triangular back panel
  • An artificial intelligence system learns driver’s behaviour, selecting adequate communication contents
  • Driver and vehicle can be in permanent contact through a mobile phone or a personal computer

While striving for technological advances and innovations, Toyota seeks to expand dreams of mobility and future possibilities based on research into people’s changing lifestyles and values.

The “p.o.d”, exhibited in 2001, was a vehicle that could express emotional states, almost like a family member or friend.

This demonstrated how, thanks to state-of-the-art information technology, personal mobility vehicles could take on human-like emotional and learning behaviors. Following the “PM” of 2003, the “i-unit” Toyota exhibited at EXPO 2005 AICHI (Exposition of Global Harmony) was a personal mobility vehicle that used the smallest amount of energy required to transport one person. It also offered freedom of movement for the individual, and greater possibilities for humankind, thereby making it truly environmentally compatible.

Our latest in this series of personal mobility vehicles is the i-swing. With its small, flexible body, the i-swing fits right into a person’s living space. The i-swing also exhibits human-like freedom of movement and can be customized almost like choosing an outfit. Through two-way communication employing a range of advanced devices, this new form of mobility allows more individual expression and deeper social interaction, going far beyond the capabilities of conventional vehicles.

Product concept

  • A new form of mobility
  • A more direct human-vehicle interaction
  • Technology cultivated in robotics R&D

The i-swing is Toyota’s proposal for a new form of mobility based on a more direct human-vehicle interaction.

Employing technology cultivated in robotics research and development, the i-swing goes beyond our view of the car as a means of transport to open up a whole range of possibilities for self-expression. Never before has the vehicle evolved so close to the individual.

Through personal mobility, the i-swing will enhance the enjoyment of individual interactions in our everyday lives. No longer is the future far away - it’s already here.

Exterior design

  • Design to the image of a new living form
  • Minimalist body shape
  • Body constructed of shock-absorbing polyurethane

The vehicle body — which feels more like you are wearing it than riding in it — is styled less as a “car” than as a new living form. When seated in the “minimum-size open-face body” of the i-swing, eye-level is about the same as when standing, allowing unhindered conversation with people met along the way. The body is constructed of shock-absorbing, low-rebound polyurethane and the exterior surface is partly covered with fabric as a measure against making people feel oppressed in crowded situations.


  • Detachable exterior surface
  • Personalised triangular back panel

The fabric on the i-swing’s exterior surface can be detached and changed. This allows for customization of the vehicle according to, say, the seasons of the year. In addition, the frontal door, which opens and closes in sections, and triangular back panel have an embedded full color LED display matrix. The user can personalize the display by installing self-crafted video and still picture images or those downloaded from the Internet. Like wearing a favorite outfit, this enables coordination to suit the user’s mood or to match the time, place and occasion.

Driving dynamics

  • Two driving modes: two-wheel and three-wheel
  • High maneuverability with three wheels
  • Low-speed or standing in two-wheel mode

The i-swing offers two driving modes: two-wheel and three-wheel. The two-wheel mode allows for confident and safe driving while moving among people in the city. The three-wheel mode provides highly maneuverable performance on the same roads as regular traffic. Vehicle control changes according to the mode, assuring high levels of both ride comfort and dynamic performance.

The three-wheeler runs on two rear-drive wheels and one steerable front wheel, with the left and right rear wheels moving up and down independently. During acceleration and deceleration, the entire vehicle body tilts forward and backward shifting the center of gravity.

When turning left and right, the vehicle body tilts inwards so that the pressure on the driver is always applied downward along the body axis.

Although a high center of gravity and extremely short tread and wheelbase would normally make stable movement difficult in a machine like the I-swing, the position of the center of gravity and the balance of weight on each wheel, as well as motive power, are controlled automatically, much like the movement of a human body when running, turning and stopping.

The result is excellent dynamic performance and a natural ride feel.

During three-wheel driving, the i-swing operating system offers two modes to match the driver’s operational skill and purpose.

In “Comfort Mode”, two linked joysticks alone are used. Vehicle attitude (center-of-gravity position) and front-wheel steering, as well as rear wheel left/right drive power, are optimally controlled simply by pushing a joystick in the intended direction of travel. This makes driving easy and pleasant for anyone. Lifting the joystick diagonally forward switches the i-swing to “Active Mode”. At the same time, the driver assumes a forward-inclined attitude to facilitate agile movements. The joystick sensitivity increases and at the same time, foot pedals can control the vehicle attitude. The driver keeps assuming the optimal posture for the next movement, skilfully accelerating, braking and turning in a series of driving actions that feels much like skiing.

With suitable training, drivers can even put in a performance that resembles dancing.

With the front wheel stowed away between the two rear wheels, the i-swing goes into two-wheel driving mode, using a gyrosensor for inverted control. One can switch to this driving mode when the i-swing is standing still or moving at low speed. As in three-wheel driving mode, operating the joystick moves the I-swing forward/backward as the center of gravity shifts forward and backward under optimal control, while turning is accomplished by rotational speed difference between the left and right wheels.

The driver’s head is located centrally with respect to the vehicle axle. So when turning on the spot, the movement feels natural, just like turning your own body around. When stationary, the controller maintains the center of gravity above the center of the vehicle axle, so even if the driver significantly shifts position, the vehicle remains more or less stationary as long as there is no joystick operation. The driver’s posture also remains constant, even when the vehicle is traveling up and down gradients.

When two i-swings are brought together, they can travel side by side with one i-swing becoming the master vehicle. Joystick inputs on the master vehicle are transmitted through short-range communications to the second vehicle, which mimics the master’s movements. Since the two vehicles travel by operating the master vehicle alone, the driver of the second vehicle enjoys the same relationship to the actual driver as someone in the passenger seat of a conventional car.

Artificial Intelligence communication

  • A.I. learns driver’s behaviour, selecting communication contents
  • Driver and vehicle can be linked via mobile or personal computer

The i-swing uses A.I. (artificial intelligence) technology to communicate with the driver. This takes the form of a virtual character, which appears in pop-up displays at left and right shoulder level, and changes depending on the driver’s personality. Even after leaving the vehicle, driver and vehicle remain linked by mobile phone or personal computer.

A.I. allows the vehicle to learn the driver’s behavior patterns, and to select pertinent information based on this learning, either from memory or the Internet, for communication with the driver at a particular time and place.

Thanks to A.I., the i-swing has the potential to make our lives in the real world more enjoyable and fulfilling.

  The third-generation Toyota RAV4

Redefining the standard in compact SUVs

The all-new Toyota RAV4 is setting fresh benchmarks in the compact Sports Utility Vehicle segment with the introduction of premium levels of driving performance, quality, passenger comfort and equipment.

The new RAV4 is the third generation of a model that is a best seller in Europe and a worldwide success for Toyota. At launch, in 1994, the Toyota RAV4 established the popularity of compact sports utility vehicles and more than 2 million RAV4s have been sold since then. More than 655,000 RAV4s have been sold in Europe alone (by end-year ’05).

The RAV4 has been completely redesigned for 2006, taking into account modern customer expectations. Its primary role will be to confirm Toyota as the leading carmaker in the SUV-compact segment.

Designed for modern life

  • Rugged and modern design theme
  • Superior perceived quality throughout
  • Compact outside, big inside

Each generation of RAV4 has followed the same ground-breaking design cues that created the compact SUV market – combining versatility, design and outstanding driving dynamics. The all-new third generation Toyota RAV4 continues this pioneering spirit but, in response to modern customer demands, adds significantly more premium quality, increased interior space and an intelligent, flexible interior package.

The new Toyota RAV4 is 145 mm longer (4,395mm – 4315mm without backdoor spare wheel) than the current generation, with a significantly increased wheelbase (+70 mm) and rear overhang. This allows greatly improved passenger comfort; the cabin length (1,820mm) has been increased by 85mm with the couple distance between front and rear seats increased by 55 mm.

The width is also increased (by 80mm) and increased shoulder space allows the front seats to be set further apart, again improving comfort. Height remains below that of many competitors, emphasising the sleek, squat styling and premium passenger car driving performance of the RAV4. But the rear seat headroom has been improved, allowing the new RAV4 to seat five adults in comfort.

And, despite the lengthened wheelbase, a lower turning circle of 5.1 meters has been achieved – well below many rival vehicles.

The precision of the interior structure underlines the premium quality of the new RAV4. The elimination of any break lines, the tight panel gaps and the matching of surface levels all contribute to the perceived quality of the vehicle and are a tribute to its engineering excellence.

The interior volume has been increased to 3,822 litres, an increase of 13% on the outgoing model. This is most noticeable in the luggage compartment, the rear passenger headroom and the shoulder room.

The newly developed rear suspension with the shock absorbers positioned diagonally under the floor results in a 230mm increase in the luggage room width.

Practical, flexible interior

  • Unique Toyota Easy Flat seating
  • Flexible luggage and storage space
  • Premium equipment and option features

Customers for the Toyota RAV4 enjoy an active lifestyle, often needing to adapt their vehicle to the demands of a growing family. Here the new RAV4 will offer a unique feature that most clearly expresses its practicality and modularity: the Toyota Easy Flat seating system.

Using one of two one-touch levers, easily accessible from the rear tailgate, the rear seats can be folded down into the rear floor space to leave an ‘easy-flat‘ luggage space without the need to remove any seat cushions or headrests.

The rear seats can also split (60:40) for maximum flexibility and can recline on an individual basis. They can slide backwards and forwards over 165mm to greatly enhance passenger comfort or increase luggage capacity. The flat boot floor also offers additional, underfloor storage space for increased security – and the rear luggage cover can be stowed here when not in use.

The three, hi-tech analogue Optitron meters dominate the instrument panel and give a premium, sporty image. The multi-information display offers a wide range of customisable function setting options including six languages1 and metric or imperial units.

Standard equipment on all models includes air-conditioning (manual or dual automatic on high grade) and a six-speaker radio/CD unit (with 6 CD-changer on high grade) which has been adapted for MP3 file playback.

A dual-zone, fully automatic climate control system, with adjustable pollen removal, is available; while many owners will want to upgrade to the full map DVD navigation system with Bluetooth compatibility and touch screen.

A wide choice of powertrain

  • D-4D Clean Power diesel technology
  • Six speed manual transmission (with D-4D engines)
  • Latest development of 2.0-litre VVT-i

The all-new RAV4 offers a choice of three engines and two drive-trains – allowing customers to balance outright performance with excellent fuel consumption and low emissions.

Headlining this engine line-up is the remarkable D-4D 180 engine which is the most powerful diesel in the compact SUV sector. Available in the premium RAV4 X, it enables customers to enjoy a top speed of 200km/h and acceleration to 100 km/h in 9.3 seconds while achieving combined fuel consumption of 7.0 litres/100km.

The D-4D 180 is not only powerful, but clean - thanks to Toyota’s advanced and unique Toyota D-CAT (Diesel Clean Advanced Technology), an emissions control technology which reduces NOx and particulate emissions at the same time.

Equally impressive are the other two engines available across the RAV4 range: the D-4D 135 diesel and the latest development of the 2.0 VVT-i petrol.

Like the D-4D 180, the D-4D 135 uses 32-bit processor technology for accurate and optimum control of main engine functions, leading to enhanced engine efficiency. With maximum power output of 100kW (136 DIN hp) this engine allows the new RAV4 to reach a top speed of 180 km/h and accelerate from 0 to 100 km/h in 10.5 seconds.

Maximum torque of 310 Nm over the engine range of 2,000 rpm to 2,800 rpm gives excellent mid-gear acceleration and flexible driving performance while preserving remarkable fuel economy. The Toyota RAV4 D-4D 135 combined fuel consumption is 6.6 litres/100km.

The new Toyota RAV4 with 2.2-litre D-4D engines will come as standard with the latest Toyota six-speed manual transmission which boasts smooth, quick and precise gear-change.

For customers who prefer the smooth power delivery of a petrol engine, the new RAV4 is available with the latest development of the 2.0-litre VVT-i. In the new RAV4, the engine develops 112 kW (152 DIN hp) at 6,000 rpm and has maximum torque available of 194 Nm at 4,000rpm.

Equipped with this engine, the RAV4 (with five speed manual transmission) is capable of a maximum speed of 185 km/h and will accelerate from 0 to 100 km/h in 10.6 seconds. Fuel consumption is 8.6 litres/100km.

The new RAV4 2.0-litre VVT-i is available with the option of an advanced four-speed automatic gearbox.

Total driving control

  • Integrated Active Drive System
  • All new chassis and suspension design
  • Precise, responsive power steering

The Integrated Active Drive System is unique to the new Toyota RAV4 and another world first for this segment. It takes a set of individual technologies and combines them into a complete package via high-speed CAN communications.

The three elements of Integrated Active Drive System are the Active Torque Control 4WD system, the Vehicle Stability Control (VSC) and the Electric Power Steering (EPS). The interaction of all these systems allows for real-time control that responds to driver operation and vehicle behaviour resulting in enhanced running, turning and stopping performance.

The elements of Integrated Active Drive come together to provide remarkable stability and vehicle control under all conditions. These could include:

• adjustment of the engine output to reduce wheel spin• braking of individual wheels to reduce wheel spin• steering torque assist to help driver input correct steering angle• torque transfer between front and rear wheels to improve stability

The new Toyota RAV4 sets out to deliver excellent driving pleasure – not just through its active performance but also through its chassis and suspension design.

A key factor in this driving pleasure is the all-new front and rear suspension, designed to optimise handling and enhance stability while, at the same time, offering excellent standards of passenger comfort and ride.

The front suspension utilises an enhanced McPherson strut design that has been engineered for significant weight reduction and improved passenger comfort. This has resulted in a complete redesign from the lower arm to the coils springs and shock absorbers.

The rear suspension is unique to RAV4 and utilises a newly-developed independent double wishbone and trailing arm. This gives excellent vehicle stability in straight line with roll-stiffness optimised for good performance under cornering.

The new RAV4 uses a high response, mechanical rack and pinion with a newly-developed electric power steering (EPS) system resulting in easy but precise steering effort and excellent steering response.

Safe and durable

  • Maximum focus on safety systems
  • Designed to reduce pedestrian injury
  • Nine airbags, including driver’s knee

Active and passive safety is a key feature of the all-new Toyota RAV4 and special emphasis has been placed on creating a safe environment for both vehicle occupants and other road users.

Specific measures include the development of a new impact-absorbing chassis with minimal cabin deformation in the event of an accident and a comprehensive SRS airbag package including, for the first time in this segment, driver’s knee airbag.

There has also been a particular emphasis on management of pedestrian safety to minimise injuries in the event of a collision with a pedestrian. The bonnet itself has been redesigned to be a deformable structure and the area around the bonnet lock features crash-absorbing reinforcements and a crumple zone. The lock itself has been moved further back, away from the likely area of pedestrian impact. Energy absorbing zones have been incorporated into the front section of the new RAV4 and, at the rear edge of the bonnet, the cowl has an open cross-section structure that allows its underside to crumple.

RAV4 X – the premium challenger

  • High performance D-4D 180 engine
  • Distinctive exterior styling
  • Premium equipment levels

The launch of the RAV4 X will challenge premium contenders in the compact SUV market and open up this emerging segment to Toyota – sales in the European premium compact SUV segment are forecast to increase from 46,000 units in 2004 to up to 75,000 units by 2007.

The RAV4 X will offer exclusive equipment in combination with the high performance D-4D 180 diesel engine, the most powerful diesel engine in the segment, and a six-speed manual gearbox. Top speed is 200 km/h and the RAV4 X will accelerate from 0 to 100km/h in 9.3 seconds.

The RAV4 X will be instantly recognisable thanks to its unique and striking exterior styling to create a premium look. The RAV4 X will be the only model in the range not to carry the spare wheel on the back door – it will be equipped with run-flat tyres and an advanced tyre pressure monitoring system.

The RAV4 X has an extensive range of premium equipment. This includes leather seats which are heated and power controlled; a smart entry and start system; cruise control; rain sensing wipers and a dusk sensing headlamp control.

Technical specifications


2.0-litre VVT-i

D-4D 135

D-4D 180


4 cylinders in-line

4 cylinders in-line

4 cylinders in-line

Fuel type

95 Octane petrol

48 Cetane diesel

48 Cetane diesel

Valve mechanism

DOHC 16-valve

DOHC 16-valve

DOHC 16-valve


Chain drive with VVT-i

Chain drive

Chain drive

Displacement (cm3)




Bore x stroke (mm)

86.0 x 86.0

86.0 x 96.0

86.0 x 96.0

Compression ratio (:1)




Fuel System

Electronic Fuel Injection

Common-rail system with solenoid injector

Common-rail system with piezoelectric injector

Injection pressure (bar)




Max. power (kW)DIN hp @ rpm

(112) 152@6,000

(100) 136@3,600

(130) 177@3,600

Max. torque(Nm @ rpm)






Electronically-controlled 4WD

Clutch type

Dry, single plate


2.0-litre VVT-i

D-4D 135

D-4D 180

Gearbox type

5 M/T

4 A/T

6 M/T

6 M/T

Gear ratios




































Final gear ratio (Fr/Rr)



4.312 (1st-4th)3.631 (5th-6th)/2.277

4.312 (1st-4th)3.631 (5th-6th)/

Brakes *


Ventilated discs (Ø296 x 28 mm)


Solid discs (Ø281 x 12 mm)

Additional features


EBD (Electronic Brake-force Distribution)

BA (Brake Assist)

TRC (Traction Control)

Integrated Active Drive System

Hill-start Assist Control (HAC)

Downhill Assist Control (DAC) on A/T model only


2.0-litre VVT-i

D-4D 135

D-4D 180


Rack and pinion

Rack and pinion

Ratio (:1)



Turns (lock to lock)



Min. turning radius – tyre (m)



Additional features

Electric Power Steering (EPS)



MacPherson Strut


Double whishbone


Exterior dimensions

Overall length (mm)

4,395 (4,315*)

Overall width (mm)


Overall height (mm)

1,685 (1,720 w/ roof rail)

Wheelbase (mm)


Tread front (mm)


Tread rear (mm)


Front overhang (mm)


Rear overhang (mm)

975 (895*)

Drag coefficient (Cd)


*Without exterior-mounted spare wheel



Approach angle


Breakover angle


Departure angle


Running clearance (mm)


Front axle clearance (mm)


Rear axle clearance (mm)



Interior dimensions

Interior length (mm)


Interior width (mm)


Interior height (mm)

1,240 (1,165 w/ sunroof)


Luggage compartment

Luggage compartment capacity (L)


Loading area length (mm)

800 (1,500 rr seat fold)

Deck width (mm)


Deck height (mm)



2.0-litre VVT-i

D-4D 135

D-4D 180


5 M/T

4 A/T

6 M/T

6 M/T

Kerb weight (kg)





Gross vehicle weight (kg)





Towing capacity, w/ brakes 12% (kg)

1,500(opt: 2000)




Towing capacity, w/o brakes (kg)







2.0-litre VVT-i

D-4D 135

D-4D 180


5 M/T

4 A/T

6 M/T

6 M/T

Max. speed (km/h)





0-100 km/h (sec.)





0-400 m (sec.)





Fuel consumption *

2.0-litre VVT-i

D-4D 135

D-4D 180


5 M/T

4 A/T

6 M/T

6 M/T

Extra-urban (l/100km)





Combined (l/100km)





Urban (l/100km)





Fuel tank capacity (l)





CO2 emissions *

2.0-litre VVT-i

D-4D 135

D-4D 180


5 M/T

4 A/T

6 M/T

6 M/T

Extra-urban (g/km)





Combined (g/km)





Urban (g/km)





* According to Base directive 80/1268/EEC, latest amendment 2004/3/EC


Other emissions

2.0-litre VVT-i

D-4D 135

D-4D 180


5 M/T

4 A/T

6 M/T

6 M/T

Emission level

















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